Lynn reading the Onion




Wang Y, Sperry JS, Anderegg WRL, Venturas MD, Trugman AT (2020) A theoretical and empirical assessment of stomatal optimization modeling. New Phytologist, In Press PDF

Grossiord C, Buckley TN, Cernusak LA, Novick KA, Poulter B, Siegwolf RTW, Sperry JS, McDowell NG (2020) Plant responses to rising vapor pressure deficit. PDF


Sperry JS, Venturas MD, Todd HN, Trugman AT, Anderegg WRL, Wang Y, Tai X (2019) The impact of rising CO2 and acclimation on the response of US forests to global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116(51): 25734-25744 PDF

Trugman AT, Anderegg LDL, Sperry JS, Wang Y, Venturas MD, Anderegg WRL (2019) Leveraging plant hydraulics to yield predictive and dynamic plant leaf allocation in vegetation models with climate change. Global Change Biology 25(12): 4008-4021 PDF

Mackay DS, Savoy PR, Grossiord C, Tai X, Pleban JR, Wang DR, McDowell NG, Adams HD, Sperry JS (2019) Conifers depend on established roots during drought: results from a coupled model of carbon allocation and hydraulics. New Phytologist. DOI: 10.1111/nph.16043 PDF

Wang Y, Sperry JS, Venturas MD, Trugman AT, Love DM, Anderegg WRL (2019) The stomatal response to rising CO2 concentration and drought is predicted by a hydraulic trait-based optimization model. Tree Physiology 39: 1416–1427 PDF

Umebayashi T, Sperry JS, Smith DD, Love DM (2019) 'Pressure fatigue': the influence of sap pressure cycles on cavitation vulnerability in Acer negundo. Tree Physiology 39: 740–746 PDF

Love DM, Venturas MD, Sperry JS, Brooks PD, Pettit JL, Wang Y, Anderegg WRL, Tai X, Mackay DS (2019) Dependence of aspen stands on a subsurface water subsidy: implications for climate change impacts. Water Resources Research 55: 1833-1848 PDF


Anderegg WRL, Konings AG, Trugman AT, Yu K, Bowling DR, Gabbitas R, Karp DS, Pacala S, Sperry JS, Sulman BN, Zenes N (2018) Hydraulic diversity of forests regulates ecosystem resilience during drought. Nature 561: 538-541 PDF

Venturas MD, Sperry JS, Love DM, Frehner EH, Allred MG, Wang Y, Anderegg WRL (2018) A stomatal control model based on optimization of carbon gain versus hydraulic risk predicts aspen sapling responses to drought. New Phytologist 220: 836-850 PDF

Anderegg WRL, Wolf A, Arango-Velez A, Choat B, Chmura DJ, Jansen S, Kolb T, Li S, Meinzer F, Pita P, Resco de Dios V, Sperry JS, Wolfe BT, Pacala SW (2018) Woody plants optimise stomatal behaviour relative to hydraulic risk. Ecology Letters 21: 968-977 PDF

Tai X, Mackay DS, Sperry JS, Brooks P, Anderegg WRL, Flanagan LB, Rood SB, Hopkinson C (2018) Distributed plant hydraulic and hydrological modeling to understand the susceptibility of riparian woodland trees to drought-induced mortality. Water Resources Research 54: 4901-4915 PDF


McDowell N, Allen CD, Anderson-Teixeira K, Brando P, Brienen R, et al. (2018) Drivers and mechanisms of tree mortality in moist tropical forests. New Phytologist 219: 851-869 PDF

Love DM, Sperry JS (2018) In situ embolism induction reveals vessel refilling in a natural aspen stand. Tree Physiology 38: 1006-1015 PDF


Venturas MD, Hacke UG, Sperry JS (2017) Plant xylem hydraulics: what we understand, current research, and future challenges. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 59: 356-389 PDF

Sperry JS, Venturas MD, Anderegg WRL, Mencucinni M, Mackay DS, Wang Y, Love DM (2017) Predicting stomatal responses to the environment from the optimization of photosynthetic gain and hydraulic cost. Plant Cell and Environment 40: 816-830 (Solicited article for special issue on water transport) PDF

Tai X, Mackay DS, Anderegg WRL, Sperry JS, Brooks PD (2017) Plant hydraulics improves and topography mediates prediction of aspen mortality in southwestern US. New Phytologist 213: 113-127 PDF

Adams HD, Zeppel MJB, Anderegg WLR, Hartmann H, Landhäusser SM, Tissue DT, et al. (2017) A multi-species synthesis of physiological mechanisms in drought-induced tree mortality. Nature Ecology and Evolution 1: 1285–1291 PDF

Smith DD, Sperry JS, Adler FR (2017) Convergence in leaf size vs. twig leaf area scaling: Do plants optimize leaf area partitioning? Annals of Botany 119: 447-456 PDF


Wolfe B, Sperry JS, Kursar T (2016) Does leaf shedding protect stems from cavitation during seasonal droughts? A test of the hydraulic fuse hypothesis. New Phytologist 212: 1007-1018 PDF

Sperry JS, Wang Y, Wolfe BT, Mackay DS, Anderegg WRL, McDowell NG, Pockman WT (2016) Pragmatic hydraulic theory predicts stomatal responses to climatic water deficits. New Phytologist 212: 577-589 PDF [The Excel file containing the hydraulic model described in this paper can be downloaded HERE. This file includes a spreadsheet with instructions and an example on how to run the model]

Gleason SM, Westoby M, Jansen S, Choat B, Hacke UG, Pratt RB, Bhaskar R, Brodribb TJ, Bucci SJ, Cao KF, Cochard H, Delzon S, Domec JC, Fan ZX, Field TS, Jacobsen AL, Johnson DM, Lens F, Maherali H, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, McCulloh KA, Mencuccini M, Mitchell PJ, Morris H, Nardini A, Pittermann J, Plavcová L, Schreiber SG, Sperry JS, Wright IJ, Zanne AE (2016) Weak tradeoff between xylem safety and xylem‐specific hydraulic efficiency across the world's woody plant species. New Phytologist 209: 123-136 PDF


Anderegg WR, Flint A, Huang CY, Flint L, Berry JA, Davis FW, Sperry JS, Field, CB (2015) Tree mortality predicted from drought-induced vascular damage. Nature Geoscience 8: 367-371 PDF

Mackay DS, Roberts DE, Ewers BE, Sperry JS, McDowell NG, Pockman WT (2015) Interdependence of chronic hydraulic dysfunction and canopy processes can improve integrated models of tree response to drought. Water Resources Research 51: 6156-6176 PDF

Sperry JS, Love DM (2015) Tansley Review: What plant hydraulics can tell us about plant responses to climate-change droughts. New Phytologist 207: 14-17 PDF

von Allmen AI, Sperry JS, Bush SE (2015) Contrasting whole-tree water use, hydraulics, and growth in a co-dominant diffuse-porous vs. ring-porous species pair. Trees - Structure and Function 29: 717-728 PDF

Hacke UG, Venturas MD, MacKinnon ED, Jacobsen AL, Sperry JS, Pratt RB (2015) Standard centrifuge method accurately measures vulnerability curves in long vesseled olive stems. New Phytologist 205:116-127 PDF


Smith DD, Sperry JS (2014) Coordination between water transport capacity, biomass growth, metabolic scaling, and species stature in co-occurring shrub and tree species. Plant, Cell and Environment 37: 2679-2690 PDF

Smith DD, Sperry JS, Enquist BJ, Savage VM, McCulloh KA, Bentley LP (2014) Deviation from symmetric self-similarity in trees predicts altered hydraulics, mechanics, light interception and metabolic scaling. New Phytologist 201: 217-229 PDF


Sperry JS (2013) Cutting-edge research or cutting-edge artefact? An overdue control experiment complicates the xylem refilling story. Plant Cell and Environment doi: 10.1111/pce.12148 PDF

Holtta T, Sperry JS (2013) Plant water transport and cavitation. In: Transport and Reactivity of Solutions in Confined Hydrosystems (Eds: L. Mercury, N. Tas, and M. Zilberbrand) NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C, Environmental security. Springer, Dodrecht. pp 173-181.

McDowell NG, Fisher RA, Xu C, Domec JC, Hölttä T, Mackay DS, Sperry JS, Boutz A, Diskman L, Gehres N, Limousin JM, Macalady A, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mencuccini M, Plaut JA, Ogée J, Pangle RE, Rasse DP, Ryan MG, Sevanto S, Waring RH, Williams AP, Yepez EA, Pockman WT (2013) Evaluating theories of drought-induced vegetation mortality using a multimodel-experiment framework. New Phytologist 200: 304-321 PDF

Bentley LP, Stegan JC, Savage VM, Smith DD, von Allmen EI, Sperry JS, Reich PB, Enquist BJ (2013) An empirical assessment of tree branching networks and implications for plant allometric scaling models. Ecology Letters 16:1069-1078 PDF

Lucas WJ, Groover A, Lichtenberger R, Furuta K, Yadav SR, Helariutta Y, He XQ, Fukuda H, Kang J, Brady SM, Patrick JW, Sperry J, Yoshida A., Lopez-Millan AF, Grusak MA, Kachroo P (2013) The plant vascular system: evolution development and functions. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 44:294-388 PDF

Lens F, Tixier A, Cochard H, Sperry JS, Janson S, Herbette S (2013) Embolism resistance as a key mechanism to understand adaptive plant strategies. Curr Opin Plant Biol 16: 287-292 PDF


Diaz-Espejo A, Buckley TN, Sperry JS, Cuevas MV, de Cires A, Elsayed-Farag S, Martin-Palomo MJ, Muriel JL, Perez-Marin A, Rodriguez-Dominguez CM, Rubio-Casal AE, Torres-Ruiz JM, Fernández JE (2012) Steps toward an improvement in process-based models of water use by fruit trees: a case study in olive. Agricultural Water Management 114:37-49 PDF

Choat B, Jansen S, Brodribb TJ, Cochard H, Delzon S, Bhaskar R, Bucci SJ, Feild TS, Gleanson SM, Hacke UG, Jacobsen AL, Lens F, Maherali H, Martinez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, Mencuccini M, Mitchel PJ, Nardini A, Pittermann J, Pratt RB, Sperry JS, Westoby M, Wright IJ, Zanne AE (2012) Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought. Nature 491:752-755 PDF

Sperry JS, Smith DD, Savage VM, Enquist BJ, McCulloh KA, Reich PB, Bentley LP, von Allmen EI (2012) A species level model for metabolic scaling of trees I. Exploring boundaries to scaling space within and across species. Functional Ecology 26:1054-1065 PDF

von Allmen EI, Sperry JS, Smith DD, Savage VM, Enquist BJ, Reich PB, Bentley LP (2012) A species level model for metabolic scaling of trees II. Testing in a ring- and diffuse-porous species. Functional Ecology 26:1066-1076 PDF

Plaut JA, Yepez EA, Hill J, Pangle R, Sperry JS, Pockman WT, McDowell NG (2012) Hydraulic limits preceding mortality in a piñon-juniper woodland under experimental drought. Plant, Cell and Environment 35:1601-1617 PDF

Torres-Ruiz JM, Sperry JS, Fernández JE (2012) Improving xylem hydraulic conductivity measurements by correcting the error caused by passive water uptake. Physologia Plantarum 146:129-135 PDF

Christman MA, Sperry JS, Smith DD (2012) Rare pits, large vessels, and extreme vulnerability to cavitation in a ring-porous tree species. New Phytologist 193:713-720 PDF

Anderegg WRL, Berry JA, Smith DD, Sperry JS, Anderegg LDL, Field CB (2012) The roles of hydraulic and carbon stress in a widespread climate-induced forest die-off. PNAS 109:233-237 PDF

Sperry JS, Christman MA, Torres-Ruiz JM, Taneda H, Smith DD (2012) Vulnerability curves by centrifugation: is there an open vessel artifact, and are “r” shaped curves necessarily invalid? Plant Cell and Environment 35:601-610 PDF


Sperry JS (2011) Hydraulics of vasular water transport. In: Wojtaszek P ed., Signalling and Communication in Plants: Mechanical Integration of Plant Cells and Plants 303-327. Springer, Berlin PDF

McCulloh KA, Meinzer FC, Sperry JS, Lachenbruch B, Voelker SL, Woodruff DR, Domec JC (2011) Comparative hydraulic architecture of tropical tree species representing a range of successional status and wood density. Oecologia 167:27-37 PDF

Placová L, Hacke UG, Sperry JS (2011) Linking irradiance-induced changes in pit membrane ultrastructure with xylem vulnerability to cavitation. Plant Cell and Environment 34:501-513. PDF

Lens F, Sperry JS, Christman MA, Choate B, Rabaey D, Jansen S (2011) Testing hypotheses that link wood anatomy to cavitation ressitance and hydraulic conductivity in the genus Acer. New Phytologist 190:709-723 PDF


Savage VM, Bentley LP, Enquist BJ, Sperry JS, Smith DD, Reich PB, von Allmen EI (2010) Hydraulic trade-offs and space filling enable better predictions of vascular structure and function in plants. PNAS 107: 22722–22727. PDF

Bush SE, Hultine KR, Sperry JS, Ehleringer JR (2010) Calibration of thermal dissipation sap flow probes for ring- and diffuse-porous trees. Tree Physiology 30: 1545-1554. PDF

Rosenthal DM, Stiller V, Sperry JS, Donovan LA (2010) Contrasting drought tolerance strategies in two desert annulas of hybrid origin. Journal of Experimental Botany 61:2769-2778. PDF

McCulloh KA, Sperry JS, Lachenbruch B, Meinzer FC, Reich PB, Voelker S (2010) Moving water well: Comparing hydraulic efficiency in twigs and trunks of coniferous, ring-porousm and diffuse-porous saplings from temperate and tropical forests. New Phytologist 186: 439-450. PDF

Mayr S, Sperry JS (2010) Freeze-thaw-induced embolism in Pinus contorta: Centrifuge experiments validate the 'thaw-expansion hypothesis' but conflict with ultrasonic emission data. New Phytologist 185: 1016-1024. PDF

Christman MA, Sperry JS. (2010) Single-vessel flow measurements indicate scalariform perforation plates confer higher flow resistance than previously estimated. Plant, Cell & Environment 33: 431-443. PDF


McCulloh KA, Sperry JS, Meinzer FC, Lachenbruch B, Atala C. (2009) Murray's law, the 'Yarrum' optimum, and the hydraulic architecture of compound leaves . New Phytologist 184: 234-244. PDF

Li Y, Sperry JS, Shao M. (2009) Hydraulic conductance and vulnerability to cavitation in corn (Zea mays) genotypes of differing drought resistance. Environmental and Experimental Botany 66: 341-346. PDF

Christman MA, Sperry JS, Adler FR. (2009) Testing the "rare pit" hypothesis in three species of Acer. New Phytologist 182: 664–674. PDF


Taneda H, Sperry JS. (2008) A case-study of water transport in co-occurring ring- versus diffuse-porous trees: contrasts in water-status, conducting capacity, cavitation and vessel refilling. Tree Physiology 28: 1641-1651. PDF

McDowell N, Pockman W, Allen C, Breshears D, Cobb N, Kolb T, Sperry JS, West A, Williams D, Yepez E. Tansley Review. 2008. Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought. Why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought? New Phytologist 178: 719-739. PDF

Sperry JS, Meinzer FC, McCulloh KA. (2008) Safety and efficiency conflicts in hydraulic architecture: scaling from tissues to trees. Plant, Cell and Environment 31: 632-645. PDF

Bush SE, Pataki DE, Hultine KR, West AG, Sperry JS, Ehleringer JR. (2008) Wood anatomy constrains stomatal responses to atmospheric vapor pressure deficit in irrigated, urban trees. Oecologia 156: 13-20. PDF

Li YY, Sperry JS, Taneda H, Bush SE, Hacke UG. (2008) Evaluation of centrifugal methods for measureing xylem cavitation in conifers, diffuse- and ring-porous angiosperms. New Phytologist 177: 558-568. PDF

West AG, Hultine KR, Sperry JS, Bush SE, Ehleringer JR. (2008) Transpiration and hydraulic strategies in a pinon-juniper woodland. Ecological Applications 18: 911-927. PDF


Sperry JS, Hacke UG, Feild TS, Sano Y, Sikkema EH. (2007) Hydraulic consequences of vessel evolution in angiosperms. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 1127-1139. PDF

Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Feild TS, Sano Y, Sikkema EH, Pittermann J. (2007) Water transport in vesselless angiosperms: conducting efficiency and cavitation safety. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 1113-1126. PDF

Pratt RB, Jacobsen AL, Golgotiu KA, Sperry JS, Ewers FW, Davis SD. (2007). Life history type and water stress tolerance in nine California chaparral species (Rhamnaceae). Ecological Monographs 77: 239-253. PDF


Sperry JS, Hacke UG, Pittermann J. (2006) Size and function in conifer tracheids and angiosperm vessels. American Journal of Botany 93: 1490-1500. PDF

 Pittermann J, Sperry JS, Wheeler JK, Hacke UG, Sikkema E. (2006) Mechanical reinforcement against tracheid implosion compromises the hydraulic efficiency of conifer xylem. Plant, Cell and Environment 29: 1618-1628. PDF

 Pittermann J, Sperry JS, Hacke UG, Wheeler JK, Sikkema E. (2006) Inter-tracheid pitting and the hydraulic efficiency of conifer wood: the role of tracheid allometry and cavitation protection. American Journal of Botany 93: 1265-1273. PDF

Pittermann J, Sperry JS. (2006) Analysis of freeze-thaw embolism in conifers. The interaction between cavitation pressure and tracheid size. Plant Physiology 140: 374-382. PDF

Addington RN, Donovan LA, Mitchell RJ, Vose JM , Pecot SD, Jack SB, Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Oren R. (2006) Adjustments in hydraulic architecture of Pinus palustris maintain similar stomatal conductance in xeric and mesic habitats. Plant, Cell and Environment 29: 535-545. PDF

Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Wheeler JK, Castro L. (2006) Scaling of angiosperm xylem structure with safety and efficiency. Tree Physiology 26: 689-701. PDF

Hultine KR, Koepke DF, Pockman WT, Fravolini A, Sperry JS, Williams DG. (2006) Influence of soil texture on hydraulic properties and water relations of a dominant warm-desert phreatophyte. Tree Physiology 26:313–323. PDF


Stiller V, Sperry JS, Lafitte R. (2005) Embolized conduits of rice (Oryza sativa, Poaceae) refill despite negative xylem pressure. American Journal of Botany 92: 1970-1974. PDF

Pittermann J, Sperry JS, Hacke UG, Wheeler JK, Sikkema E. (2005) Torus-margo pits help conifers compete with angiosperms. Science 310: 1924. PDF

Wheeler JK, Sperry JS, Hacke UG, Huang, N. (2005) Inter-vessel pitting and cavitation in woody Rosaceae and other vesseled plants: a basis for a safety vs. efficiency trade-off in xylem transport. Plant Cell and Environment 28: 800-812. PDF

Sperry JS, Hacke UG, Wheeler JK. (2005) Comparative analysis of end wall resistance in xylem conduits. Plant, Cell and Environment 28: 456-465. PDF


McCulloh KA, Sperry JS. (2005) The evaluation of Murray’s law in Psilotum nudum (Psilotaceae), an analogue of ancestral vascular plants. American Journal of Botany 92: 985-989. PDF

McCulloh KA, Sperry JS. (2005) Patterns in hydraulic architecture and their implications for transport efficiency. Tree Physiology 25: 257-267. PDF

McCulloh KA, Sperry JS. (2005) Murray’s law and the vascular architecture of plants. In: Ecology and Biomechanics: a Mechanical Approach to the Ecology of Animals and Plants (A. Herrel, T Speck, N. Rowe eds.) CRC Press.

Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Pittermann J A. (2005) Efficiency vs. safety trade-offs for water conduction in angiosperm vessels vs. gymnosperm tracheids. In: Holbrook N.M., Zwieniecki M., eds., Vascular Transport in Plants. Elsevier Inc. Amsterdam, pp 333-353.

Hacke UG, Sperry JS. (2005) Water transport in plants. In: Molecular Plant Physiology (ed. R. Sharma). Haworth Press, New York.


Sperry JS, Hacke UG. (2004) Analysis of circular bordered pit function I. Angiosperm vessels with homogenous pit membranes. American Journal of Botany 91: 369-385. PDF

Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Pittermann J. (2004) Analysis of circular bordered pit function II. Gymnosperm tracheids with torus-margo pit membranes. American Journal of Botany 91: 386-400. PDF

McCulloh KA, Sperry JS, Adler FR. (2004) Murray’s law and the hydraulic vs. mechanic functioning of wood. Functional Ecology 18:257-257. PDF

Angeles G, Bond B, Boyer JS, Brodribb T, Brooks JR, Burns MJ, Cavender-Bares J, Clearwater M, Cochard H, Comstock J, Davis SD, Domec J-C, Donovan L, Ewers F, Gartner B, Hacke U, Hinckley T, Holbrook NM, Jones HG, Kavanagh K, Law B, López-Portillo J, Lovisolo C, Martin T, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, Meinzer FC, Melcher P, Mencuccini M, Mulkey S, Nardini A, Neufeld HS, Passioura J, Pockman WT, Pratt RB, Rambal S, Richter H, Sack L, Salleo S, Schubert A, Schulte P, Sparks JP, Sperry J, Teskey R, Tyree M. (2004)
The Cohesion-Tension Theory. New Phytologist 163: 451-452. PDF

Sperry JS. (2004) Coordinating stomatal and xylem functioning – an evolutionary perspective. New Phytologist 162: 568–570. PDF


Sperry JS, Stiller V, Hacke UG. (2003) Xylem hydraulics and the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum: opportunities and unresolved issues. Agronomy Journal 95: 1362-1370. PDF

Hacke UG, Sperry JS. (2003) Limits of xylem refilling under negative pressure in Laurus nobilis and Acer negundo. Plant, Cell and Environment 26: 303-311. PDF

Sperry JS. (2003) Evolution of water transport and xylem structure. International Journal of Plant Science 164: S115-S127 Suppl. PDF

McCulloh KA, Sperry JS, Adler FR. (2003) Water transport in plants obeys Murray's law. Nature 421: 939-942. PDF

Pittermann J, Sperry J. (2003) Tracheid diameter is the key trait determining the extent of freezing-induced embolism in conifers.
Tree Physiology 23: 907–914. PDF

Stiller V, Lafitte HR, Sperry JS. (2003) Hydraulic Properties of Rice and the Response of Gas Exchange to Water Stress. Plant Physiology 132: 1698-1706. PDF

Hacke UG, Stiller V, Sperry JS.  (2003) Cavitation fatigue – the weakening of cavitation resistance of xylem and its reversibility. In: Advances in Plant Physiology, Vol. 6 (ed. A. Hemantaranjan). Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, pp. 225-234.


Sperry JS, Hacke UG. (2002) Desert shrub water relations with respect to soil characteristics and plant functional type. Functional Ecology 16: 367-378. PDF

Sperry JS, Hacke UG, Oren R, Comstock JP. (2002) Water deficits and hydraulic limits to leaf water supply. Plant, Cell and Environment 25: 251-263. PDF

Sperry JS, Stiller V, Hacke UG. (2002) Soil water uptake and water transport through root systems. In: Plant Roots: The Hidden Half (eds. Y. Waisel, A. Eshel, U. Kafkafi), 3rd ed. Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, pp. 663-681.

Davis SD, Ewers FW, Sperry JS, Portwood KA, Crocker MC, Adams GC. (2002) Shoot dieback during prolonged drought in Ceanothus (Rhamnaceae) chaparral of California: A possible case of hydraulic failure. American Journal of Botany 89: 820-828. PDF

Stiller V, Sperry JS. (2002) Cavitation fatigue and its reversal in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 53 (371): 1155-1161. PDF


Oren R, Sperry JS, Ewers BE, Pataki DE, Phillips N, Megonigal JP. (2001) Sensitivity of mean canopy stomatal conductance to vapor pressure deficit in a flooded Taxodium distichum L. Forest: hydraulic and non-hydraulic effects.  Oecologia 126: 21-29. PDF

Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Pockman WT, Davis SD, McCulloh K. (2001) Trends in wood density and structure are linked to prevention of xylem implosion by negative pressure. Oecologia 126: 457-461. PDF

Hacke UG, Stiller V, Sperry JS, Pittermann J, McCulloh K. (2001) Cavitation fatigue: embolism and refilling cycles can weaken the cavitation resistance of xylem. Plant Physiology 125: 779-786. PDF

Hubbard RM, Ryan MG, Stiller V, Sperry JS. (2001) Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis vary linearly with plant hydraulic conductance in ponderosa pine. Plant Cell and Environment 24: 113-121. PDF

Hacke UG, Sperry JS. (2001) Functional and ecological xylem anatomy. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 4: 97-115. PDF

Sperry JS, Robson DG. (2001) Xylem cavitation and freezing in conifers. In: Conifer Cold Hardiness, eds. S. Colombo and F. Bigras. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 121-136


Jackson RB, Sperry JS, and Dawson TE. (2000) Root water uptake and transport: scaling physiological processes for global predictions. Invited review. Trends in Plant Science 5 (11): 482-488. PDF

Ewers BE, Oren R, and Sperry JS. (2000) Influence of nutrient versus water supply on hydraulic architecture and water balance in Pinus taeda. Plant Cell and Environment 23: 1055-1066. PDF

Sperry JS. Hydraulic constraints on plant gas exchange (2000) Agricultural and Forest Meterology 104 (1): 13-23. PDF

Hacke UG., Sperry JS, Ewers BE, Ellsworth DS, Schäfer KVR,  Oren R (2000) Influence of soil porosity on water use in Pinus taeda. Oecologia 124: 495–505. PDF

Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Pittermann J. (2000) Drought experience and cavitation resistance in six shrubs from the Great Basin, Utah. Basic and Applied Ecology 1: 31-41. PDF

Pockman WT, Sperry JS. (2000) Vulnerability to cavitation and the distribution of Sonoran Desert vegetation. American Journal of Botany 87: 1287-1299. PDF

Comstock JP, Sperry JS. (2000) Tansley Review No.119. Theoretical considerations of optimal conduit length for water transport in vascular plants. New Phytologist 148: 195-218. PDF


Oren R, Sperry JS, Katul CG, Pataki DE, Ewers BE, Phillips N, Schäfer, KVR. (1999) Survey and synthesis of intra- and interspecific variation in stomatal sensitivity to vapour pressure deficit. Plant Cell and Environment 22: 1515-1526. PDF

Stiller V, Sperry JS. (1999) Canny‘s compensation pressure theory fails a test. American Journal of Botany 86 (8): 1082 –1086. PDF

Davis SD, Sperry JS, Hacke UG. (1999) The relationship between xylem conduit diameter and cavitation caused by freezing. American Journal of Botany 86: 1367-1372. PDF

Kolb KJ, Sperry JS. (1999) Transport constraints on water use by the Great Basin shrub, Artemisia tridentata. Plant Cell and Environment 22: 925-935. PDF

Kolb KJ, Sperry JS. (1999) Differences in drought adaptation between subspecies of sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata). Ecology 80 (7): 2373-2384. PDF


Sperry JS, Adler FR, Campbell GS, Comstock JC. (1998) Limitation of plant water use by rhizosphere and xylem conductances: results from a model. Plant Cell and Environment 21: 347-359. PDF

Linton MJ, Sperry JS, Williams DG. (1998) Limits to water transport in Juniperus osteosperma and Pinus edulis: implications for drought tolerance and regulation of transpiration. Functional Ecology 12: 906-911. PDF 


Pockman WT, Sperry JS. (1997) Freezing-induced xylem cavitation and the northern limit of Larrea tridentata. Oecologia 109: 19-27. PDF

Alder NN, Pockman WT, Sperry JS, Nuismer S. (1997) Use of centrifugal force in the study of xylem cavitation. Journal of Experimental Botany 48: 665-674. PDF

Sperry JS, Ikeda T. (1997) Xylem cavitation in roots and stems of  Douglas-fir and white fir. Tree Physiology 17: 275-280. PDF


Sperry JS, Saliendra NZ, Pockman WT, Cochard HE, Cruziat P, Davis, SD, Ewers FW, Tyree MT. (1996) New evidence for large negative xylem pressures and their measurement by the pressure chamber method. Plant Cell and Environment 19: 427-436. PDF

Blake TJ, Sperry JS, Tschaplinski T, Wang S. (1996) Water relations. In: Stettler R.F., Bradshaw H.D., Heilman P.E., Hinckley T.M, eds., Biology of Populus and its implications for management and conservation. Part II, Chapter 16. NRC Research Press, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa. Pp. 401-442.

Kolb KJ, Sperry JS, Lamont B. (1996) A method for measuring xylem hydraulic conductance and embolism in entire root and shoot systems. Journal of Experimental Botany 47: 1805-1810. PDF

Alder NN, Sperry JS, Pockman WT. (1996) Root and stem xylem cavitation, stomatal conductance, and leaf turgor in Acer grandidentatum across a soil moisture gradient. Oecologia 105: 293-301. PDF


Sperry JS. (1995) Hydraulic architecture of palms. Giornale Botanico Italiano 129: 482-490.

Pockman WT, Sperry JS, O'Leary JW. (1995) Evidence for sustained and significant negative pressure in xylem. Nature 378: 715-716. PDF

Saliendra NZ, Sperry JS, Comstock JP. (1995) Influence of leaf water status on stomatal responses to hydraulic conductance, atmospheric drought, and soil drought in Betula occidentalis. Planta 196: 357-366. PDF

Sperry JS. (1995) Limitations of water transport and their consequences. In: Gartner, B. ed., Plant Stems: Physiology and Functional Morphology. Physiological Ecology Series, Academic Press. Pp. 105-120.

Pallardy SG, Cermak J, Ewers FW, Kaufmann MR, Parker B, Sperry JS. (1995) Water transport dynamics in trees and stands. In: Hinckley, T., Smith WK eds., Physiological Ecology of Coniferous Forests: Past and Future. Physiological Ecology Series, Academic Press.


Sperry J, Saliendra NZ. (1994) Intra- and inter-plant variation in xylem cavitation in Betula occidentalis. Plant Cell and Environment 17: 1233-1241. PDF

Sperry JS, Nichols KL, Sullivan JEM, Eastlack SE. (1994) Xylem embolism in ring-porous, diffuse-porous, and coniferous trees of Northern Utah and Interior Alaska. Ecology 75: 1736-1752. PDF


Sperry JS, Alder NN, Eastlack SE. (1993) The effect of reduced hydraulic conductance on stomatal conductance and xylem cavitation. Journal of Experimental Botany 44: 1075-1082. PDF

Sperry JS, Pockman WP. (1993) Limitation of transpiration by hydraulic conductance and xylem cavitation in Betula occidentalis. Plant Cell Environ 16: 279-288. PDF

Sperry JS. (1993) Winter embolism and spring recovery in Betula cordifolia, Fagus grandifolia, Abies balsamifera, and Picea rubens. pp. 86-98 In: Water Transport in Plants Under Climatic Stress. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.


Sperry JS, Sullivan JEM. (1992) Xylem embolism in response to freeze-thaw cycles and water stress in ring-porous, diffuse-porous, and conifer species. Plant Physiology 100: 605-613. PDF


Sperry JS, Perry A, Sullivan JEM. (1991)  Pit membrane degradation and air-embolism formation in aging xylem vessels of Populus tremuloides. Journal of Experimental Botany 42: 1399-1406. PDF


Sperry JS, Tyree MT. (1990) Water-stress-induced xylem embolism in three species of conifers. Plant Cell and Environment 13: 427-436. PDF


Tyree MT, Sperry JS. (1989) Vulnerability of xylem to cavitation and embolism. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology 40: 19-38. PDF

Tyree MT, Sperry JS. (1989) Characterization and propagation of acoustic emission signals in woody plants: towards an improved acoustic emission counter. Plant Cell and Environment 12: 371-382. PDF


Sperry JS, Tyree MT. (1988) Mechanism of water-stress induced xylem embolism. Plant Physiology 88: 581-587. PDF

Tyree MT, Sperry JS. (1988) Do woody plants operate near the point of catastrophic xylem dysfunction caused by dynamic water stress? Answers from a model. Plant Physiology 88: 574-580. PDF

Sperry JS, Tyree MT, Donnelly JR. (1988) Vulnerability of xylem to embolism in a mangrove vs. an inland species of Rhizophoraceae. Physiologia Plantarum 74: 276-283. PDF

Sperry JS, Donnelly JR, Tyree MT. (1988) Seasonal occurrence of xylem embolism in sugar maple (Acer saccharum). American Journal of Botany 75: 1212-1218. PDF

Sperry JS, Donnelly JR, Tyree MT. (1988) A method for measuring hydraulic conductivity and embolism in xylem. Plant Cell and Environment 11: 35-40. PDF


Sperry JS, Holbrook NM, Zimmermann MH, Tyree MT. (1987) Spring filling of xylem vessels in wild grapevine. Plant Physiology 83: 414-417. PDF


Sperry JS. (1986) Relationship of xylem embolism to xylem pressure potential, stomatal closure, and shoot morphology in the palm Rhapis excelsa.  Plant Physiology 80: 110-116. PDF


Sperry JS. (1985) Xylem embolism in the palm Rhapis excelsa. IAWA Bull. N.S. 6: 283-292. PDF


Sperry JS. (1983) Observations on the structure and function of hydathodes in Blechnum lehmanii. American Fern Journal 73: 65-72. PDF

Zimmermann MH, Sperry JS. (1983) Anatomy of the palm Rhapis excelsa. IX. Xylem structure of the leaf insertion.  Journal of the Arnold Arboretum  64: 599-609. PDF


Zimmermann MH, McCue KF, Sperry JS. (1982) Anatomy of the palm Rhapis excelsa. VIII. Vessel network and vessel-length distribution in the stem. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 63: 83-95. PDF

Sperry JS. (1982) Observations of reaction fibers in leaves of dicotyledons. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 63: 173-185. PDF